Chronic degenerative diseases
Arthrosis is the wear and tear of the cartilage of the joint caused by an imbalance in the production and degradation of bone cells. The wear is painful and in severe cases the cartilage fissures that become complicated until the formation of ulcerations, even the bone can be in some parts completely naked and the bony surfaces are exposed.
There are different types of hernias:
- Inability to run
- Lameness and pain when walking
- Sensation of instability
- Constant dislocations
Gonarthrosis is a chronic degenerative joint disease, so there is no specific cure. The treatments focus on the management of pain, including the use of analgesics, avoiding activities that cause pain, such as running, in addition to physical therapy.
The wear of the knee can also be treated through surgery in severe cases in which the patient loses mobility or the pain is intense.
Coxarthrosis, also known as hip wear, is the deterioration of the cartilage of this joint.
- Discomfort and stiffness in the groin
- Pain in the groin and inner thigh
- Nocturnal pain or difficulty flexing the legs
- The muscles that surround the joint atrophy
- Appearance of muscular contractures, produced by bony deformations
- Alteration of the normal mobility of the joint
The treatment for each patient should be personalized according to the progress of their symptoms, among the options that the specialist will recommend is the use of anti-inflammatories, physical therapy to improve range of motion, exercise program and lose weight.
In more severe cases, surgery is necessary through an arthroscopy to repair or remove damaged cartilage and osteotomy that involves modifying the bones, realigning angles of the hip joint.