Column Degenerative Diseases2019-05-23T10:50:44+00:00

Right Lumbar Channel

What is?

It is the structural and progressive narrowing of the lumbar canal due to degenerative disease, that is, the patient experiences disc collapse, which causes pain and neurological alterations of the extremities. Some patients are born with this narrowing, but most often the narrow passage occurs in patients older than 50 years.

Symptom

There are different types of hernias:

  • Pain and weakness.
  • Numbness of the legs, calves or buttocks.
  • Pain in the spine that increases when walking short distances, pain decreases in intensity when patient sits, lies or crouches.

Treatment

According to the level of severity or progress of the condition, the surgeon will recommend the appropriate treatment. However, in severe cases, surgery is necessary, which seeks to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or the spinal nerve by widening the spinal canal.

The most common surgery in the spine is called decompressive laminectomy and involves removing the laminae of the vertebrae to increase the space for the functioning of the nerves.

Spondylolisthesis

What is?

This condition occurs when a vertebra slides forward over the one below. Spondylolisthesis occurs as part of the aging process in which the bones, joints and ligaments of the spine are weakened and less able to maintain the spine.

Physical aspects

In patients with spondylolisthesis.

  • Curves too deep in the lower part of the back
  • The abdomen protrudes
  • The patient has difficulty walking.

Symptom

Existen diferentes tipos de hernias:

  • Pain in the lower back, thighs and legs
  • Weakness in the legs and thighs
  • Difficulty controlling the sphincter

Treatment

According to the severity of the case in each patient, the surgeon will recommend the appropriate treatment. Among the options is physical therapy, through stabilization exercises to strengthen the abdominal and / or back muscles that manage to minimize the movements of the spine.

In more serious cases, when the symptoms reduce the patient’s quality of life or mobility, surgery is recommended, in case the vertebra continues to slide. The surgery seeks to relieve pain and irritation of the nerve, in addition to stabilizing the spine where the vertebra has slipped out of place and increases the ability of the patient to function normally.

Facet syndrome

What is?

This condition is caused by the wear and tear of the joints that exist in the vertebrae, also called facets. Because of this, bones slide over each other with friction and degradation of the lower back.

Symptom

  • Pain in the lower back of the spine
  • Pain that progresses to the buttocks and groin
  • Pain while standing for a long time

Treatment

According to each person and the progress of the facet syndrome, the specialist surgeon will recommend an adequate solution to the needs of the patient. Among the treatment options are:

Physiotherapy to relieve pain, strengthen the abdominal muscles and back, in addition to relieving the spine and stabilize it.

In more serious cases, when the patient has problems walking or developing activities of daily life, it is advisable to treat through surgery, in these cases, it is the specialist surgeon who will indicate the rehabilitation process.

Scoliosis

What is?

Scoliosis is a lateral curvature of the spine, the deviation may be to the right or left. This condition occurs most often during childhood or puberty.

Symptom

  • Inclination of the column to one side
  • Have hip, shoulder blades and shoulders one higher than the other (misaligned)
  • The patient’s head is not centered with respect to the hip

Treatment

The treatment is carried out according to each case of the patient, the specialist doctor will be able to attend to the patient with the use of a corset to correct the spine, while in people with a more pronounced curvature of the spine (45 degrees) the surgery to correct the deformity.

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